E. C. Siebert, formerly of Witt, Siebert, and Halsey in Texarkana, designed and supervised the building while serving as mayor of Texarkana (Arkansas Historic Preservation Program).
The top floor served as the jail at one time. The bars are visible on the photograph at the top of the page. It is unknown if the space is currently in use for any purpose. Jails on the top floor of courthouses was apparently quite common, for example, in the Concordia Parish courthouse in Vidalia, Louisiana and the Stephens County courthouse in Breckenridge, Texas.
Little history on the effects of the Depression on Miller County has been recorded. A Works Progress Administration (WPA) office was located for a time in the Victory Hotel in Texarkana. (B. J. Rowe, "Miller County." Encyclopedia of Arkansas)Arkansas: A Guide to the State, 1941, was included in the Federal Writers Project materials, and Arkansas, like other states, was the recipient of New Deal funds for relief, employment, and construction of new buildings, roads, and other forms of infrastructure.